The Red List – English Industrial Heritage at Risk

English Heritage published its Heritage at Risk Register in July 2008, extending the previous Buildings at Risk surveys to include Scheduled Monuments, Registered Parks and Gardens, Registered Battlefields and Protected Wreck Sites. Clearly there are significant advantages in bringing together all the sites of historic or other significance into one volume. The Register has 1,680 entries, varying from buildings in a state of collapse with no moves toward a restoration scheme, to others where restoration is already well under way and the future seems assured. While in most cases the problems are caused by neglect and decay, in some cases the threat may be land or coast erosion. For most of England only Scheduled Monuments and buildings listed Grade 1 or 2* are included, but in London coverage extends to all Grade 2 buildings.

It should be of interest to AIA members that the following list has been complied from those sites found on the register deemed to be of industrial archaeological interest and therefore of concern to us all. The properties are grouped, as in the original publication, by region and local planning authority. The full register can be viewed on the English Heritage website: www.english-heritage.org.uk. Within it, go to Heritage at Risk and the appropriate region.

The condition of each structure is graded as: Very Bad, Poor, Fair and Good. The level of risk is assessed on a scale of A to F, with ‘A’ at risk of rapid decay or collapse with no plan or scheme for restoration agreed, and ‘F’ schemes of restoration or adaption already under way, with final use identified. With exceptions for what seem to me to be particularly significant sites, I have only included properties assessed A, B (rapid deterioration likely, solution agreed but not implemented) and C (slow decay, no solution agreed) or where the condition is Very Bad. Otherwise I have selected those properties most likely to be significant to the study of the industrial period, with the exception of specialist industrial buildings earlier than about 1700. Bridges are only included if they are of technical interest. Also included are specialised workers’ housing, and buildings built to service the new farming methods of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Buildings associated with large country houses and estates are only included if they used new building materials such as iron or concrete, housed industries or provided services such as water, gas or electricity supply. Fortifications are only included if their construction used new building materials.

I have done my best to avoid transcription errors, but I have no doubt that I have omitted some sites others will think should have been mentioned and vice versa. Remember that the Association cannot possibly write to the relevant authorities about all these sites, and it is up to individuals in each area to take action, rally support and make a case for the rescue and preservation of sites they believe to be important.

David Alderton
October 2008

East Midlands
Derbyshire
Amber Valley Belper North Mill Fair C
Chesterfield Brampton Walton Works Fair C
Derby Darley Darley Abbey Mills Poor C
Derby Carriage Shop Derby Works Fair C
Derby Engine shed Derby Works Fair C
Derby Railway Workshop Derby Works Fair C
Derbyshire Dales Shirley Saw Mill Fair C
Erewash Ilkeston Bennerley Viaduct Fair C
High Peak Chapel en le Frith Stodhart Tunnel Poor C
High Peak New Mills Torr Vale Mill VBad A
North East Derbs Dronfield Coke Ovens VBad D
South Derbs Egginton Coalbrookdale footbridge VBad A
South Derbs Swadlincote Four bottle kilns VBad A
Leicestershire
North West Leics Snibston Snibston Colliery Poor A
Lincolnshire
North Kesteven Sleaford Bass Maltings Poor C
South Holland Lutton Sneath’s Windmill Poor A
West Lindsey Torksey Torkset Viaduct Fair C
Northamptonshire
Daventry Weedon Weedon depot (Enclosure walls) Poor B
Daventry Weedon (Outer walls) Poor A
Daventry Weedon (West Lodge) VBad E
East
Bedfordshire
Bedford Eastcotts Cardington No 1 Airship shed VBad B
Mid Beds Silsoe Iron Conservatory, Wrest Park House Poor D
South Beds Tottenhoe Doolittle wind and watermill Poor C
Cambridgeshire
East Cambs Soham Downfield Windmill Poor C
South Cambs Sawston Tannery drying shed VBad A
Essex
Colchester Colchester Municipal Water tower ‘Jumbo’ Poor C
Epping Forest Bobbingworth Essex Redoubt (early concrete) Poor C
Epping Forest Waltham Abbey Gunpowder works: Grand Magazine Poor C
Epping Forest Waltham Abbey Quinan Stove Poor C
Maldon Great Braxted 18thC Icehouse, Braxted Park Poor C
Tendring Ardleigh Spring Valley Mill Poor C
Tendring Harwich Beacon Hill Fort (late 19thC concrete) Poor C
Hertfordshire
Thurrock Grays State Cinema Poor C
Uttlesford Tilty Tilty Watermill Poor C
Stevenage Old Stevenage Old malt houses & kiln, Alleyne’s School VBad B
Norfolk
Breckland East Dereham Crisp Malting, Norwich Road Poor C
North Norfolk Neatishead Greenhouse, Hoveton Hall Poor B
North Norfolk Sutton Sutton Windmill VBad C
South Norfolk Starston Starston windpump Poor C
Suffolk
Mid Suffolk Drinkstone Drinkstone Post Mill Fair C
St. Edmundsbury Great Saxham The Umbrello: Coade stone folly VBad A
Suffolk Coastal Bawdsey Radar Transmitter Block, Bawdsey Manor Fair C
Suffolk Coastal Friston Friston Post Mill VBad A
London
Barnet Hendon Aviation offices and factory (g2) VBad A
Barnet Hendon Express Dairy model farm (3 items) (g2) Fair C
Bexley Bexley Crossness Pumping Station Poor D
Camden NW 1 Three linked gasholders (g2) Fair C
Camden NW 1 Kingsway tram subway (g2) Fair C
City of London EC 1 Red House (cold store) (g2) Poor A
Croydon Croydon Queen’s Road Hospital entrance block VBad A
Enfield Enfield Flash Lane Aqueduct (New River) Fair C
Enfield Enfield Enfield Electricity Works (g2) Fair C
Greenwich Eltham Conduit Head Vbad A
Hackney Shoreditch Bishopsgate Goods Station (g2) Fair C
Haringey Tottenham Tottenham Palace Theatre (g2) Poor C
Harrow Stanmore Brick kiln (g2) VBad C
Hounslow Gunnersbury Gothic boathouse (ex tile kiln) VBad A
Islington N1 London General Omnibus Co stables (g2) Fair C
Kingston on Thames Surbiton Lambeth waterworks coal store (g2) Poor A
Newham E15 Abbey Mills Pumping Station (7 items) Fair C
Richmond on Thames Hampton Boathouse for Thorneycroft (g2) VBad A
Southwark SE 1 Union Works Fair C
Tower Hamlets E 1 Braithwaite Viaduct, Bishopsgate (g2) Poor C
Tower Hamlets E 1 Wilton’s Music Hall Poor C
Tower Hamlets E 14 Sailmakers and chandlers (g2) Fair C
Tower Hamlets E 14 Caird & Raymer watehouse (g2) VBad A
Tower Hamlets E 14 Dowgate Wharf warehouses (g2) Poor A
Waltham Forest Walthamstow ABC Cinema Poor A
Wandsworth Battersea Battersea Power Station VBad D
Wandsworth Pumping Station Cringle Street (g2) VBad A
Westminster W 2 Span four, Paddington Station Poor C
North East
Durham
Chester-le-Street Little Lumley Iron gates & railings, Lambton Castle Poor C
Durham Brandon Hedleyhill Colliery Coke Works VBad A
Wear Valley Etherley Parts of Stockton & Darlington Railway VBad C
Wear Valley Stanhope Brandon Walls Lead Mine Poor C
Wear Valley Stanhope Middle Level Lead Mine VBad A
Wear Valley Stanhope Low Slit Lead Mine Poor B
Wear Valley Tow Law Coke Ovens Poor C
Northumberland
Alnwick Cartington Hydraulic Silo VBad C
Alnwick Longhoughton Limekiln VBad B
Blyth Valley Seaton Sluice Water tank and ablutions building Poor C
Tynedale Allendale Allenheads Lead Ore Works Fair C
Tynedale Allendale Holmslinn Lead Mine VBad D
Tynedale Blanchland Shildon Engine House Poor D
Tynedale Corbridge Bottle kiln, Walker’s Pottery Poor C
Tynedale Haydon Langley Baronry Mines VBad C
Tynedale Haydon Stublick Colliery Engine House Poor D
Tynedale Linnels Linnels Mill Poor C
Tynedale West Allen Carrshield Lead Mines & Ore Works VBad A
Tynedale West Allen Mohopehead Lead Mine and Ore Works VBad A
Tees Valley
Redcar & Cleveland Guisborough Tockett’s Mill Poor C
Stockton-on-Tees Billingham Phosphate Rock Silo Poor C
Tyne & Wear
Gateshead Birtley Bowes Railway Incline Poor C
Gateshead Dunston Dunston Staiths Poor C
Gateshead Whickham Whinfield Coking Ovens Poor A
Newcastle-u-Tyne Newcastle The Journal Tyne Theatre Poor C
North Tyneside Tynemouth Tynemouth Station VBad A
South Tyneside Boldon Cleadon Chimney, Cleadon Mill Poor C
South Tyneside South Shields Marsden Limekilns Poor C
Sunderland Monkwearmouth Monkwearmouth Station screen wall Poor C
Sunderland Washington F pit Colliery Engine House Poor C
Sunderland Washington Bowes Railway buildings Poor B
North West
Cheshire
Crewe& Nantwich Doddington Demesne Farm, Doddington Park VBad A
Ellesmere Port Hooton General Service Hangar – Central Poor C
Ellesmere Port Hooton Northern VBad A
Ellesmere Port Hooton Southern VBad A
Warrington Warrington Bank Quay Transporter Bridge Poor C
Cumbria
Carlisle Farlam Roachburn Colliery VBad A
Copeland Whitehaven Saltom Pit engine house etc. VBad B
Eden Alston Moor Rotherhopefell Ore Works VBad A
Eden Brough Augill Lead Mine smelting mill VBad A
Lake District Cartmel Fell Winster Potash Kiln Fair C
Lake District Haverthwaite Lowwood Gunpowder Works VBad A
Greater Manchester
Bolton Bolton Swan Lane Mill Poor C
Manchester Manchester Police & Fire Station Fair C
Rochdale Heywood Crimble Mill cotton Poor C
Salford Reddish Houldsworth, Mill engine house Poor C
Wigan Leigh Leigh Spinners Mill Fair C
Lancashire
Hyndburn Hyndburn Canal basin and coke oven VBad C
Rossendale Haslingden Grane Mill Poor B
West Lancashire Ormskirk Water tower Poor C
Merseyside
Liverpool Croxteth Laundry and Laundry Cottage Poor C
Liverpool Liverpool Warehouse, Stanley Dock Poor C
St Helens Sherdley Cannington Shaw Bottle Shop VBad A
South East
Berkshire
Windsor/Maidenhead Cookham Noahs Boathouse monolithic concrete Poor A
Wokingham Finchampstead Infirmary stables, Arborfield Garrison VBad A
East Sussex
Brighton & Hove Brighton West Pier VBad A
Wealden Hartfield Pippingford Blast Furnace VBad D
Wealden Mayfield Argos Hill Post Mill Poor D
Hampshire
Gosport Gosport Workshops etc. Haslar Gunboat Yard Poor A
New Forest Beaulieu Tide Mill Poor C
Portsmouth Portsmouth HM Naval Base: No 25 Store. Poor A
Portsmouth Iron & Brass Foundry Fair C
Portsmouth No 6 Dock Basin 1 Poor C
Southampton Southampton Chapel Steam mills Poor C
Isle of Wight Cowes Hammerhead crane, West Cowes Poor C
Kent
Medway Gillingham No 8 Machine Shop, Chatham Dockyard Poor C
Swale Queensborough Working Mast House Poor C
Swale Sheerness Boat Store No 78 Fair C
Surrey
Epsom & Ewell Epsom Riding School Fair C
Mole Valley Brockham Brockham Lime Works VBad A
West Sussex
Chichester Linchmere North Park Furnace Poor C
Horsham Amberley Amberley Lime Works Poor C
South West
City of Bristol Bristol Carriage Works VBad A
North Somerset Nailsea Elms Colliery Poor B
Weston Super Mare Birnbeck Pier VBad A
South Gloucestershire Pucklechurch Brandy Bottom Colliery VBad C
Cornwall
Carrick Mylor Perran Foundry: 4 buildings VBad B
Kerrier Carn Brea South Crofty Mine: 4 buildings Poor C
Kerrier Redruth Sara’s Foundry VBad A
Devon
Torridge Appledore Richmond Dry Dock Fair C
Plymouth Plymouth South Smithery, South Yard, Naval Base VBad A
Plymouth Academy Theatre & Great Western Hotel VBad C
Torbay Paignton Torbay Cinema Fair C
Dorset
West Dorset Bridport Literary & Scientific Institute Poor C
Gloucestershire
Cotswold Chipping Camden The Old Silk Mill Poor C
Gloucester Gloucester Tanner’s Hall VBad A
Stroud Kings Stanley Stanley Mills (ancillary building) Poor ?
Somerset
Mendip Shepton Mallet Former Anglo-Bavarian Brewery Poor C
Sedgemoor Westonzoyland Westonzoyland Pumping Station Poor C
South Somerset Martock Madey Mill Poor C
South Somerset West Coker Ropewalk VBad A
Taunton Deane Langford Budville Tone Mills, Cloth Finishing Works Poor C
Taunton Deane Wellington Tonedale Mills Poor C
West Somerset Luxborough Ironstone Mine ventilation shaft Poor C
Wiltshire
North Wiltshire Calne Lansdowne Hotel brewhouse Poor C
North Wiltshire Chippenham GW Railway viaduct Poor C
North Wiltshire Compton Basset 3 x 1917 hangars, Yatesbury Airfield VBad A
Swindon Swindon Mechanics Institute Poor A
Swindon Swindon Chain Test House Poor C
West Midlands
Shropshire
Bridgnorth Aston Botterel Charlecote Furnace Poor C
North Shropshire Hawkstone Park Hawkstone Windmill Poor C
Shrewsbury Shrewbury Ditherington Flax Mill: 4 buildings Poor A
South Shropshire Blakemoorgate Early 19thC mining settlement remains VBad A
South Shropshire Snailbeach Candle House of lead mine VBad A
Staffordshire
Newcastle-u-Lyme Betley Model Farm complex VBad C
Peak District Ecton Copper mine engine house Poor E?
South Staffordshire Hilton Conservatory, Hilton Park VBad A
Stoke on Trent Longton Bottle kilns, Gladstone Pottery Poor C
Stoke on Trent Stoke on Trent Chatterley Whitfield Colliery Poor A
Stoke on Trent Longport Bottle kiln & factory, teapot works Poor B
Warwickshire Stratford on Avon Toll House, Clopton Bridge Poor C
West Midlands
Birmingham Birmingham Goods Office, Curzon Street Station Fair C
Birmingham Hockley Coffin Furniture Works Fair C
Dudley Dudley Triangular Crane, Bumble Hole Yard Poor A
Dudley Stourbridge The Old Foundry Poor A
Sandwell Smethwick Soho Foundry Poor B
Worcestershire
Wyre Forest Churchill Baches Forge Poor C
Yorkshire and the Humber
NE Lincolnshire Grimsby Grimsby Ice Factory VBad A
Hibaldstow Hibaldstow Wind and Water Mill Fair C
North Yorkshire
Craven Lothersdale Dale End Mills Poor C
Harrogate Beverley Providence Smelt Mill VBad B
Richmondshire Redmire Cobscar Lead Mine Poor C
Richmondshire Richmond 18thC racecourse grandstand Poor C
Richmondshire Wensley Keld Heads lead smeltmill & mine Poor C
Ryedale Allerston Lime kilns VBad C
Scarborough Whitby Brewhouse, Whitby Abbey VBad D
Yorkshire Dales Grassington Lead cupola Poor C
Yorkshire Dales High Abbotside Sargill: ore hearth & lead smelt mine Poor C
South Yorkshire
Barnsley Wortley Low Forge Poor C
Sheffield Leah’s Yard cutlery works Poor C
Sheffield Darnell Works (1) Crucible steel shop VBad C
Sheffield Darnell Works (2) Crucible steel shop Poor C
Sheffield Sheffield Wicker Arch and railway viaduct Poor C
Sheffield 35 Well Meadow Street Workshops & steel furnace Poor C
West Yorkshire
Calderdale Brighouse Malthouse Fair C
Kirklees Huddersfield Folly Hall Mill (textile) Poor C
Kirklees Linthwaite Westwood Mills (textile) VBad A
Leeds Holbeck Temple Works gate lodge Poor C
Leeds Leeds First Leeds White Cloth Hall VBad C
Leeds Leeds Hunslet Mill (flax) Poor D
Wakefield Wakefield Calder & Hebble Warehouse Poor E