IA Review – Abstract of Volume 37 No 2 November 2015
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THE ROLT MEMORIAL LECTURE 2012: INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE AT RISK by Shane Gould
This article describes the 2011 English Heritage ‘Industrial Heritage at Risk’ project. Having examined the findings of a public attitudes survey on the industrial heritage, it looks at the key risks and conservation solutions facing industrial sites, and the role the lead organisations play in their rescue. The entries on the Heritage at Risk Register are examined and the top ten industrial heritage at risk sites in England identified. A range of outputs are described together with the media coverage that accompanied the launch of the project.
Progress since 2011 is considered including the separation in April 2015 of English Heritage into two organisations — Historic England and the English Heritage Trust. The important role that volunteers and local groups play in the conservation and management of England’s industrial heritage is acknowledged throughout, and a possible new role for the Association for Industrial Archaeology suggested as part of Heritage 2020.
SOUSA VITERBO AND THE IDEA OF INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY by Paulo Oliveira Ramos
This paper presents an overview of Sousa Viterbo’s contribution to industrial archaeology. This Portuguese historian and archaeologist not only employed and printed both the terms ‘archaeology of industry’ and ‘industrial archaeology’ in the late 19th century, but also left behind a number of writings which secure his place as a true ancestor of the current industrial archaeology. Selected excerpts of three of Viterbo’s texts written between 1896 and 1902 are here translated into English for the first time.
WORKING ON THE RAILWAY: THE RISEHILL TUNNEL NAVVY CAMP, CUMBRIA by Naomi Brennan
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team at the site of a navvy camp associated with the construction of Risehill Tunnel (also called Black Moss) on the Settle to Carlisle railway line, near Garsdale in Cumbria. The evaluation, comprising eight trenches, LiDAR and geophysical survey, highlighted the generally good preservation of the site, although many of the buildings appear to have been of timber with only rough stone foundations. Specialisation and division of different parts of the site between settlement and working areas was also seen. Contemporary documentary evidence has assisted with the interpretation of the archaeological remains, and revealed the extreme conditions which the workers and their families endured.
INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN ALBANIA: AN ASSESSMENT by Brian Ayers & Ilir Parangoni
This paper summarises a pilot assessment of industrial heritage in Albania. It outlines the methodology employed, the sources of information, the character of the industrial resource, the limitations of the survey, and the results. It is prefaced by a brief historical overview of the development of industrial heritage within the country and ends with an appeal for industrial heritage to be placed within the general protective framework of Albania’s cultural heritage system. Particular emphasis is given to the legacy and problem of the often vast industrial complexes of the communist era and to the extraordinary ‘bunkerisation’ programme of the 1970s and early 1980s.